We'll focus first on the minimum configuration required to get basic OTV adjacency up and working and then add in multi-homing for redundancy. First, make sure the L3 network that OTV will be traversing is multicast enabled. Today with current shipping code, neighbor discovery is done via multicast which helps facilitate easy additions and removal of sites from the OTV network. With this requirement met, we can get rolling.
A simple initial config is below and we'll dissect it.
First, we enable the feature
Then we configure the Overlay interface
Next we configure the join interface. This is the interface that will be used for the IGMP join and will be the source IP address of all packets after encapsulation.
otv join-interface Ethernet1/7.1
Now we'll configure the control group. As its name implies the control group is the multicast group used by all OTV speakers in an Overlay network. This should be a unique multicast group in the multicast network.
otv control-group 184.108.40.206
Then we configure the data group which is used to encapsulate any L2 multicast traffic that is being extended across the Overlay. Any L3 mutlicast will be routed off of the VLAN through whatever regular multicast mechanisms exist on the network.
otv data-group 220.127.116.11/24
Next to last bare minimum config to add is the list of VLANs to be extended.
otv extend-vlan 31-33,100,1010,1088-1089
Finally, no shut to enable the interface.
We can now look at the Overlay interface but honestly, won't see much. Force of habit after a no shut on an interface. :)
show int o1
Overlay1 is up
BW 1000000 Kbit
Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
0 unicast packets 77420 multicast packets
77420 input packets 574 bits/sec 0 packets/sec
0 unicast packets 0 multicast packets
0 output packets 0 bits/sec 0 packets/sec
If we configure the other hosts in our network and multicast is working, we'll see adjacencies form as below.champs1-OTV# show otv adj
Overlay Adjacency database
Overlay-Interface Overlay1 :
Hostname System-ID Dest Addr Up Time State
champs2-OTV 001b.54c2.41c4 10.100.251.14 2d05h UP
fresca-OTV 0026.9822.ea44 10.100.251.78 2d05h UP
pepsi-OTV f866.f206.fd44 10.100.251.82 2d05h UP
With this in place, we now have a basic config and will be able to extend VLANs between the four devices.
The last thing we'll cover in this post is how multi-homing can be enabled. First to level set on multi-homing in this context I'm referring to the ability have redundancy in each site and not have a crippling loop.
The way this is accomplished in OTV is by the use of the concept of a site VLAN. The site VLAN is a VLAN that's dedicated to OTV and NOT extended across the Overlay but is trunked between the two OTV edge devices. This VLAN doesn't need any IP addresses or SVIs created, it just needs to exist and be added to the OTV config as shown below.
otv site-vlan 99
With the simple addition of this command the OTV edge devices will discover each other locally and then use an algorithm to determine a role each edge device will assume on a per VLAN basis. This role is called the Authoritative Edge Device (AED). The AED is responsible for forwarding all traffic for a given VLAN including broadcast and multicast traffic. Today the algorithm aligns with the VLAN ID with one edge device supporting the odd numbered VLANs and the other supporting the even numbered VLANs. This can be seen by reviewing the output below.
champs1-OTV# show otv vlan
OTV Extended VLANs and Edge Device State Information (* - AED)
VLAN Auth. Edge Device Vlan State Overlay
---- ----------------------------------- ---------- -------
31* champs1-OTV active Overlay1
32 champs2-OTV inactive(Non AED) Overlay1
33* champs1-OTV active Overlay1
1000 champs2-OTV inactive(Non AED) Overlay1
1010 champs2-OTV inactive(Non AED) Overlay1
1088 champs2-OTV inactive(Non AED) Overlay1
1089* champs1-OTV active Overlay1
If we look at the output above we can see that this edge device is the AED for VLANs 31, 33 and 1098 and is the non-AED for 32,1000, 1010 and 1088. In the event of a failure of champs2, champs1 will take over and become the AED for all VLANs.
We'll explore FHRP localization and what happens across the OTV control group in the next post. As always, your thoughts, comments and feeback are welcome.